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|Purity Confirmation||> 98% by SDS-PAGE & HPLC analyses|
|Molecular Weight||7.6 kDa|
|Endotoxin Levels||< 0.1 ng/µg of protein (<1EU/µg)|
|Biological Activity||The ED50 was determined by a cell proliferation assay using FDC-P1 cells is ≤ 2.0 ng/ml, corresponding to a specific activity of ≥ 5 x 105 units/mg.|
|Species Reactivity||Chicken, Cow, Frog, Horse, Monkey, Mouse, Pig, Rat, Sheep, Hamster, Human|
|Reconstitution||Centrifuge the vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in water to a concentration of 0.1 mg/mL. Do not vortex. This solution can be stored at 2-8°C for up to 1 week. For extended storage, it is recommended to further dilute in a buffer (e.g. PBS) containing a carrier protein (example 0.1% BSA) and store in working aliquots at -20°C to -80°C.|
|Stability and Storage||The lyophilized protein is stable at room temperature for 1 month and at 4°C for 6 months. Reconstituted working aliquots are stable for 1 week at 2°C to 8°C and for 12 months at -20°C to -80°C.|
|Synonyms||IGF1; IGFI; IGF-I; IGF1A|
|Description||The IGFs are mitogenic polypeptide growth factors that stimulate the proliferation and survival of various cell types including muscle, bone, and cartilage tissue in vitro. IGFs are predominantly produced by the liver, although a variety of tissues produce the IGFs at distinctive times. The IGFs belong to the Insulin gene family, which also contains insulin and relaxin. The IGFs are similar by structure and function to insulin, but have a much higher growth-promoting activity than insulin. IGF-II expression is influenced by placenta lactogen, while IGF-I expression is regulated by growth hormone. Both IGF-I and IGF-II signal through the tyrosine kinase type I receptor (IGF-IR), but, IGF-II can also signal through the IGF-II/Mannose-6-phosphate receptor. Mature IGFs are generated by proteolytic processing of inactive precursor proteins, which contain N-terminal and C-terminal propeptide regions. Recombinant human IGF-I and IGF-II are globular proteins containing 70 and 67 amino acids, respectively, and 3 intra-molecular disulfide bonds.|
|Protein Sequence||GPETLCGAEL VDALQFVCGD RGFYFNKPTG YGSSSRRAPQ TGIVDECCFR SCDLRRLEMY CAPLKPAKSA|
- Programmed Death-Ligand 1 (PD-L1) Expression Is Induced by Insulin in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Cells Pointing to Its Role in Immune Checkpoint Control. S. M. Heckl et al., Med Sci (Basel). 2021 Sep; 9(3): 48.
- Therapeutic Potential of Anti-Angiogenic Multitarget N,O-Sulfated E. Coli K5 Polysaccharide in Diabetic Retinopathy. Rezzola S. et al., Diabetes. 2015 Jul;64(7):2581-92.
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